USA Banner

Official US Government Icon

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure Site Icon

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Site Notification

Site Notification

The latest information on the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is available on

U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

What is an owner-operator?

Section § 382.107: Definitions.

Guidance Q&A

Question 1: What is an owner-operator?

Guidance: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) neither defines the term "owner-operator" nor uses it in regulation. The FMCSA regulates "employers" and "drivers." An owner-operator may act as both an employer and a driver at certain times, or as a driver for another employer at other times depending on contractual arrangements and operational structure.

Regulatory Topic: Definition of owner-operator
Published Date: Friday, April 4, 1997
Issued Date: Friday, April 4, 1997