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Seat Belt Requirements and Other Occupant Protection Standards for Buses

Seat Belt Requirements and Other Occupant Protection Standards for Buses: Information related to the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard for passenger vehicles

Vehicle Type *

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

Seat Belt  Requirement **

All Buses

<= 10,000 lbs.

Lap/shoulder belts for all DSPs

Medium over-the-road (Motorcoach)

10,000 - 26,000 lbs.

Lap/shoulder belts for all DSPs

Medium other buses

10,000 - 26,000 lbs.

Belt for driver only

Large school bus

> 10,000 lbs.

Belt for driver only

Transit bus

> 26,000 lbs.

Belt for driver only

Large Other Buses,

including motorcoaches

> 26,000 lbs.

Lap/shoulder belts for all DSPs

*    All have more than 10 Designated Seating Positions

** Some exclusions may apply

+++

Other Occupant Protection Standards for Buses

School Buses

  • FMVSS No. 220, School bus rollover protection
  • FMVSS No. 221, School bus body joint strength
  • FMVSS No. 222, School bus passenger seating and crash protection
  • FMVSSs No. 131, School bus pedestrian safety devices
  • FMVSS Nos. 108 and 111 – Signal lamps for conspicuity and mirrors for driver 3600 visibility
  • FMVSS No. 301, 303, 304, and 305 – fuel system integrity

Buses with GVWR <10,000 lbs.

 

  • FMVSS No. 216, Roof crush resistance
  • FMVSS No. 226, Ejection mitigation
  • Other crash avoidance and crashworthiness standards applicable to light vehicles

Motorcoaches and Other Large Buses

  • FMVSS No. 136, Electronic stability control (ESC) systems for heavy vehicles

All Buses

  • FMVSS No. 217, Bus emergency exits and window release and retention
  • Safety standards for lighting, mirrors, controls, displays, tires, brakes, doors, locks, seats, material flammability, etc.

 

 

Last updated: Tuesday, January 7, 2020