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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

People Table 27. Drug Test Results for Large Truck Drivers in Fatal Crashes, 2017-2019

19P27.xlsx (16.18 KB)
Drug Test Result 2017: Number 2017: Percent 2018: Number 2018: Percent 2019: Number 2019: Percent
Not Tested for Drugs 2,839 59.8% 2,949 61.0% 2,907 58.7%
No Drugs Reported/Negative 1,003 21.1% 1,030 21.3% 960 19.4%
Unknown 377 7.9% 422 8.7% 465 9.4%
Tested for Drugs, Results Unknown 139 2.9% 85 1.8% 49 1.0%
Unknown if Tested 92 1.9% 20 0.4% 269 5.4%
At Least One Positive Drug Test Result: 296 6.2% 326 6.7% 299 6.0%
    Narcotic 49 1.0% 63 1.3% 63 1.3%
    Depressant 36 0.8% 40 0.8% 39 0.8%
    Stimulant 161 3.4% 113 2.3% 134 2.7%
    Hallucinogen 8 0.2% 4 0.1% 7 0.1%
    Cannabinoid 99 2.1% 149 3.1% 115 2.3%
    Phencyclidine (PCP) 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
    Inhalant 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
    Other Drugs 96 2.0% 164 3.4% 147 3.0%
    Tested for Drugs, Drugs Found, Type Unknown/Positive 11 0.2% 17 0.4% 15 0.3%
Total 4,746 100.0% 4,832 100.0% 4,949 100.0%
*Less than 0.05 percent.
Notes: Drivers can test positive for more than one drug. A large truck is defined as a truck with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds.
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
Last updated: Saturday, December 17, 2022