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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Trends Table 1. Large Truck and Bus Fatal Crash Statistics, 1975-2020

20T1.xlsx (45.95 KB)
Year Fatal Crashes Involving Large Trucks or Buses Large Trucks and Buses Involved in Fatal Crashes Large Truck and Bus Occupant Fatalities Total Fatalities in Large Truck and Bus Crashes Million Vehicle Miles Traveled by All Motor Vehicles Rates per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled by All Motor Vehicles: Fatal Crashes Involving Large Trucks or Buses Rates per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled by All Motor Vehicles: Large Trucks and Buses Involved in Fatal Crashes Rates per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled by All Motor Vehicles: Fatalities in Large Truck and Bus Crashes Large Trucks and Buses Registered
1975 4,032 4,304 1,014 4,816 1,327,664 0.304 0.324 0.363 5,824,525
1976 4,489 4,754 1,205 5,379 1,402,380 0.320 0.339 0.384 6,053,524
1977 5,149 5,485 1,329 6,054 1,467,027 0.351 0.374 0.413 6,180,664
1978 5,758 6,131 1,436 6,740 1,544,704 0.373 0.397 0.436 6,365,161
1979 6,007 6,431 1,471 7,054 1,529,133 0.393 0.421 0.461 6,418,336
1980 5,353 5,709 1,308 6,333 1,527,295 0.350 0.374 0.415 6,319,442
1981 5,253 5,572 1,189 6,178 1,555,308 0.338 0.358 0.397 6,260,262
1982 4,668 4,935 979 5,525 1,595,010 0.293 0.309 0.346 6,149,615
1983 4,903 5,184 1,035 5,815 1,652,788 0.297 0.314 0.352 6,091,276
1984 5,136 5,444 1,120 5,983 1,720,269 0.299 0.316 0.348 5,984,746
1985 5,153 5,490 1,034 6,089 1,774,826 0.290 0.309 0.343 6,589,822
1986 5,055 5,383 965 5,895 1,834,872 0.275 0.293 0.321 6,314,733
1987 5,146 5,461 903 5,978 1,921,204 0.268 0.284 0.311 6,320,321
1988 5,156 5,528 965 6,004 2,025,962 0.254 0.273 0.296 6,752,553
1989 4,971 5,295 908 5,819 2,096,487 0.237 0.253 0.278 6,851,522
1990 4,790 5,065 737 5,590 2,144,362 0.223 0.236 0.261 6,822,863
1991 4,355 4,621 692 5,107 2,172,050 0.201 0.213 0.235 6,803,425
1992 4,098 4,320 613 4,767 2,247,151 0.182 0.192 0.212 6,689,937
1993 4,351 4,591 623 5,124 2,296,378 0.189 0.200 0.223 6,742,587
1994 4,617 4,902 688 5,412 2,357,588 0.196 0.208 0.230 7,258,308
1995 4,456 4,743 681 5,214 2,422,696 0.184 0.196 0.215 7,404,924
1996 4,723 5,081 642 5,489 2,485,848 0.190 0.204 0.221 7,707,396
1997 4,888 5,214 741 5,709 2,561,695 0.191 0.204 0.223 7,780,874
1998 4,857 5,244 780 5,712 2,631,522 0.185 0.199 0.217 8,447,810
1999 4,854 5,239 818 5,727 2,691,056 0.180 0.195 0.213 8,520,203
2000 4,881 5,320 776 5,620 2,746,925 0.178 0.194 0.205 8,768,774
2001 4,723 5,115 742 5,417 2,795,610 0.169 0.183 0.194 8,607,223
2002 4,486 4,861 734 5,241 2,855,508 0.157 0.170 0.184 8,687,997
2003 4,609 5,012 767 5,343 2,890,221 0.159 0.173 0.185 8,533,438
2004 4,734 5,181 808 5,519 2,964,788 0.160 0.175 0.186 8,966,638
2005 4,805 5,231 862 5,539 2,989,430 0.161 0.175 0.185 9,289,052
2006 4,643 5,071 832 5,347 3,014,371 0.154 0.168 0.177 9,640,966
2007 4,472 4,914 841 5,116 3,031,124 0.148 0.162 0.169 11,586,455
2008 3,994 4,340 749 4,545 2,976,528 0.134 0.146 0.153 11,716,583
2009 3,193 3,432 525 3,619 2,956,764 0.108 0.116 0.122 11,815,207
2010 3,512 3,745 574 3,957 2,967,266 0.118 0.126 0.133 11,616,105
2011 3,593 3,878 695 4,043 2,950,402 0.122 0.131 0.137 10,936,757
2012 3,726 4,078 736 4,208 2,969,433 0.125 0.137 0.142 11,423,889
2013 3,821 4,203 749 4,278 2,988,280 0.128 0.141 0.143 11,461,905
2014 3,656 3,985 700 4,168 3,025,656 0.121 0.132 0.138 11,777,983
2015 3,864 4,337 714 4,366 3,095,373 0.125 0.140 0.141 12,092,091
2016† 4,396 4,796 879 4,936 3,174,408 0.138 0.151 0.155 12,474,722
2017† 4,587 5,039 921 5,152 3,212,347 0.143 0.157 0.160 13,212,447
2018† 4,678 5,147 934 5,241 3,240,327 0.144 0.159 0.162 14,226,062
2019† 4,722 5,268 928 5,274 3,261,772 0.145 0.162 0.162 14,080,676
2020† 4,588 4,998 847 5,125 2,903,622 0.158 0.172 0.177 14,485,851
†Beginning with data for 2016, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) implemented changes to revise vehicle classification based on gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), which reclassified 329 light pickup trucks as large trucks. Due to this methodology change, comparisons of the 2016 (and later) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) large truck data with prior years should be performed with caution.
Notes: A large truck is defined as a truck with a GVWR greater than 10,000 pounds. A bus is defined as any motor vehicle designed primarily to transport nine or more persons, including the driver. Rates are calculated on the basis of vehicle miles traveled by all motor vehicles (large trucks, buses, passenger vehicles, and motorcycles). The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) implemented an enhanced methodology for estimating registered vehicles and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by vehicle type beginning with data from 2007. As a result, involvement rates may differ, and in some cases significantly, from earlier years.
Sources: VMT and Registered Vehicles: FHWA, Highway Statistics 2020. Fatal Crashes, Vehicles Involved, and Fatalities: NHTSA, FARS.
Last updated: Wednesday, September 28, 2022