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Crash Risks by Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) Driver Schedules

Goal

To collect hours-of-service (HOS) and crash data to analyze how HOS provisions are being used and the impact of driver schedules on crash risk.

Background

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) conducted a study that evaluated the impact of driving hours, working hours,  and breaks on safety critical events (SCEs) (Blanco, M., et. al., 2011). The study included 99 drivers who drove a total of 700,000 miles, during which naturalistic driving video and data were collected. That study found that (1) as the number of driving hours increased, so did the number of SCEs, (2) when evaluating the interaction between driving and non-driving work, a much greater time-on-task effect emerges for drivers driving late in their work shift, and (3) driving breaks decrease risk in the hour after a break.

Summary

This study will collect additional data to answer important questions related to driver schedules and how these factors impact overall driver performance and fatigue. This study will be completed in phases.  In Phase I, the research team will collect HOS and crash data. In Phase II, the research team will use the data collected in Phase I to analyze crash risk as it relates to various aspects of the HOS provisions.  
This study will analyze:
  • Relative crash risk by hour of driving.
  • Relative crash risk by hour of driving per week.
  • Relative crash risk of driving breaks.
  • Relative crash risk as a function of recovery periods.
  • How each of the HOS provisions is being used.
In addition, the study will design, develop, and deliver a database so that the data collected in this study can be used for future research efforts.

Outcomes

A database of the HOS and crash data for use in future research efforts.

Milestones

May 2014: Phase I contract awarded
July 2014: Kick-off meeting
October 2014: Peer review meeting
November 2015: Phase I complete

Funding

FY 2014: $267,000

Current Status

The first phase of this project is completed; final report under review.

Contractor

Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
 
Updated: Thursday, March 3, 2016
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