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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program - Formula Funding

Formula Funding Criteria

For FY 2017 and until the new MCSAP allocation formula is implemented, the FAST Act requires FMCSA to utilize an interim formula calculation which mandates that a State’s MCSAP funding amount be calculated by adding the traditional Basic and Incentive award, as applicable, to the 3-year average (FY 2013-2015) of that jurisdiction’s New Entrant and Border Enforcement (if applicable) grant award totals. Funds are awarded as described below:

Basic funds are distributed proportionally to the States using the following four, equally weighted (25 percent), factors.

(1) 1997 Road miles (all highways) as defined by the FHWA.
(2) All vehicle miles traveled (VMT) as defined by the FHWA.
(3) Population—annual census estimates as issued by the U.S. Census Bureau.
(4) Special fuel consumption (net after reciprocity adjustment) as defined by the FHWA.


A State lead MCSAP agency may qualify for Incentive Funds if it can demonstrate that its CMV safety program has shown improvement in any or all of the following five categories:

  1. Reduction in the number of large truck-involved fatal accidents;
  2. Reduction in the rate of large-truck-involved fatal accidents or maintenance of a large- truck-involved fatal accident rate that is among the lowest 10 percent of such rates for MCSAP recipients and is not higher than the rate most recently achieved;
  3. Upload of CMV accident reports in accordance with current FMCSA policy guidelines;
  4. Verification of Commercial Driver's Licenses during all roadside inspections; and
  5. Upload of CMV inspection data in accordance with current FMCSA.
Next, the FMCSA will average the funding awarded to a State, or other equitable amounts, in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for—
(1) Border enforcement grants under 49 U.S.C. 31107; and
(2) New entrant safety audit grants under 49 U.S.C. 31144(g)(5).
FMCSA will add the amounts above together to calculate the total amount of MCSAP funding.
Subject to the availability of funding and notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements used by FMCSA, the initial amounts resulting from the calculation will be adjusted to ensure that, for each State, the amount shall not be less than 97 percent of the average amount of funding received or other equitable amounts in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for—
(1) MCSAP funds under 49 U.S.C. 31102;
(2) Border enforcement grants under 49 U.S.C. 31107; and
(3) New entrant safety audit grants under 49 U.S.C. 31144(g)(5).
Distribution of MCSAP Funding for Puerto Rico and the U.S. territories is subject to allocation as follows:
(1) U.S. territories receive a fixed amount of $350,000;
(2) Puerto Rico receives a maximum allocation of 4.944 percent or a minimum allocation of 0.44 percent or $350,000, whichever is greater.