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  • § 393.11
    Lamps and reflective devices.
  • § 393.17
    Lamps and reflectors—combinations in driveaway-towaway operation.
  • § 393.24
    Requirements for head lamps, auxiliary driving lamps and front fog lamps.
  • § 393.25
    Requirements for lamps other than head lamps.
  • § 393.28
    Wiring systems.
  • § 393.40
    Required brake systems.
  • § 393.41
    Parking brake system.
  • § 393.42
    Brakes required on all wheels.
  • § 393.43
    Breakaway and emergency braking.
  • § 393.44
    Front brake lines, protection.
  • § 393.48
    Brakes to be operative.
  • § 393.51
    Warning signals, air pressure and vacuum gauges.
  • § 393.52
    Brake performance.
  • § 393.60
    Glazing in specified openings.
  • § 393.61
    Truck and truck tractor window construction.
  • § 393.62
    Emergency exits for buses.
  • § 393.65
    All fuel systems.
  • § 393.67
    Liquid fuel tanks.
  • § 393.70
    Coupling devices and towing methods, except for driveaway-towaway operations.
  • § 393.71
    Coupling devices and towing methods, driveaway-towaway operations.
  • § 393.75
    Tires.
  • § 393.76
    Sleeper berths.
  • § 393.81
    Horn.
  • § 393.82
    Speedometer.
  • § 393.83
    Exhaust systems.
  • § 393.87
    Warning flags on projecting loads.
  • § 393.88
    Television receivers.
  • § 393.89
    Buses, driveshaft protection.
  • § 393.92
  • § 393.93
    Seats, seat belt assemblies, and seat belt assembly anchorages.
  • § 393.100
    Which types of commercial motor vehicles are subject to the cargo securement standards of this subpart, and what general requirements apply?
  • § 393.102
    What are the minimum performance criteria for cargo securement devices and systems?
  • § 393.106
    What are the general requirements for securing articles of cargo?
  • § 393.201
    Frames.

Part 393

Section § 393.11: Lamps and reflective devices.

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The regulations text of the section can be found on the eCFR website. To view the regulations text, use the link below. For assistance, please send an email to FMCSA.Webmaster@dot.gov.
View regulations for Part 393

Question 1: What is the definition of "body" with respect to trucks and trailers?

Guidance: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulstions (FMCSRs) do not include a definition of "body." However, a truck or trailer body generally means the structure or fixture designed to contain, or support, the material or property to be transported on the vehicle.

Question 2: May retroreflective tape be used in place of side reflex reflectors?

Guidance: §393.26(b) cross references Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (developed and issued by the NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration) (FMVSS) 108 (49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 571.108, S5.1.1.4) which allows reflective material to be used for side reflex reflectors under the conditions described below. Retro-reflective tape conforming to Federal specification L-S-300, "Sheeting and Tape, Reflective; Non-exposed Lens, Adhesive Backing," September 7, 1965, may be used in place of side reflex reflectors if this material as used on the vehicle, meets the performance standards in either Table I or Table IA of Society of Automotive Engineers J594f, Reflex Reflectors, January 1977.

Question 3: §393.11, Footnote 5, requires that each converter dolly be equipped with turn signals at the rear if the converter dolly obscures the turn signals at the rear of the towing vehicle when towed singly by another vehicle. Are turn signals required on the rear of the converter dolly when the towing of the unladen dolly prevents other motorists from seeing only a portion of the lenses of the turn signals on the towing vehicle?

Guidance: Yes. Although a portion of the rear turn signal lenses on the towing vehicle may be visible to other drivers, the turn signal generally would not satisfy the visibility requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (developed and issued by the NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration) (FMVSS) No. 108 (49 CFR 571.108) if the converter dolly prevents other motorists from seeing the entire lens. The visibility requirements of FMVSS No. 108 help to ensure that other drivers can see the turn signal from a range of positions to the rear of the vehicle. Therefore, turn signals on the towing vehicle are considered to be obscured by the converter dolly if other motorists’ view of the lens is even partially blocked.

Question 4: Does a Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) equipped with amber tail lamps in addition to the red tail lamps required to designate the rear of a Commercial Motor Vehicle CMV meet the lighting requirements of §393.11?

Guidance:

No. §393.11 requires that lighting devices on Commercial Motor Vehicle CMVs placed in operation after March 7, 1989, meet the requirements of FMVSS No. 108 in effect at the time of manufacture. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued interpretations which indicate that the use of amber tail lamps impairs the effectiveness of the required lighting equipment and as such is prohibited by Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (developed and issued by the NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration) (FMVSS) No. 108 (S5.1.3). Since National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) does not allow vehicle manufacturers to install amber tail lamps, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has concluded that the use of amber tail lamps on vehicles placed in operation after March 7, 1989, is prohibited by §393.11.

In the case of vehicles placed in operation on or before March 7, 1989, §393.11 requires that vehicles meet either the lighting requirements of part 393 or Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (developed and issued by the NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration) (FMVSS) No. 108 in effect at the time of manufacture. Prior to the December 7, 1988, final rule on part 393 (53 FR 49397), amber tail lamps were prohibited by §393.25. §393.25(e)(3) (in the October 1, 1988 edition of the Code of Federal Regulations) required all rear lamps, with certain exceptions, to be red. Since tail lamps were not included in the exceptions, the use of amber tail lamps was implicitly prohibited. Therefore, a vehicle placed in operation on or before March 7, 1989, must not be equipped with amber tail lamps because the use of such lamps meets neither the lighting requirements of part 393 nor FMVSS No. 108 in effect at the time of manufacture.


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