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  • § 386.1
    Scope of the rules in this part.
  • § 386.2
  • § 386.3
    Separation of functions.
  • § 386.4
    Appearances and rights of parties.
  • § 386.5
    Form of filings and extensions of time.
  • § 386.6
  • § 386.7
    Filing of documents.
  • § 386.8
    Computation of time.
  • § 386.11
    Commencement of proceedings.
  • § 386.12
  • § 386.13
    Petitions to review and request for hearing: Driver qualification proceedings.
  • § 386.14
  • § 386.15
  • § 386.16
    Action on replies to the Notice of Claim.
  • § 386.17
  • § 386.18
    Payment of the claim.
  • § 386.22
    Settlement agreements and their contents.
  • § 386.31
    Official notice.
  • § 386.34
  • § 386.35
    Motions to dismiss and motions for a more definite statement.
  • § 386.36
    Motions for final agency order.
  • § 386.37
  • § 386.38
    Scope of discovery.
  • § 386.39
    Protective orders.
  • § 386.40
    Supplementation of responses.
  • § 386.41
    Stipulations regarding discovery.
  • § 386.42
    Written interrogatories to parties.
  • § 386.43
    Production of documents and other evidence; entry upon land for inspection and other purposes; and physical and mental examination.
  • § 386.44
    Request for admissions.
  • § 386.45
    Motion to compel discovery.
  • § 386.46
  • § 386.47
    Use of deposition at hearings.
  • § 386.48
    Medical records and physicians' reports.
  • § 386.49
    Form of written evidence.
  • § 386.51
    Amendment and withdrawal of pleadings.
  • § 386.52
    Appeals from interlocutory rulings.
  • § 386.53
    Subpoenas, witness fees.
  • § 386.54
    Administrative Law Judge.
  • § 386.55
    Prehearing conferences.
  • § 386.56
  • § 386.57
    Proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law.
  • § 386.58
    Burden of proof.
  • § 386.61
  • § 386.62
    Review of administrative law judge's decision.
  • § 386.63
    Decision on review.
  • § 386.64
  • § 386.65
    Failure to comply with final order.
  • § 386.66
    Motions for rehearing or for modification.
  • § 386.67
    Judicial review.
  • § 386.71
  • § 386.72
    Imminent hazard.
  • § 386.73
    Operations out of service and record consolidation proceedings (reincarnated carriers).
  • § 386.81
  • § 386.82
    Civil penalties for violations of notices and orders.
  • § 386.83
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; operation in interstate commerce prohibited.
  • § 386.84
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; suspension or revocation of registration.

Part 386

§ 386.47: Use of deposition at hearings.

(a) Generally. At the hearing, any part or all of a deposition, so far as admissible under the rules of evidence, may be used against any party who was present or represented at the taking of the deposition or who had due notice thereof in accordance with any one of the following provisions:

(1) Any deposition may be used by any party for the purpose of contradicting or impeaching the testimony of the deponent as a witness.

(2) The deposition of expert witnesses, particularly the deposition of physicians, may be used by any party for any purpose, unless the Assistant Administrator or administrative law judge rules that such use would be unfair or a violation of due process.

(3) The deposition of a party or of anyone who at the time of taking the deposition was an officer, director, or duly authorized agent of a public or private organization, partnership, or association which is a party, may be used by any other party for any purpose.

(4) The deposition of a witness, whether or not a party, may be used by any party for any purpose if the presiding officer finds:

(i) That the witness is dead; or

(ii) That the witness is out of the United States or more than 100 miles from the place of hearing unless it appears that the absence of the witness was procured by the party offering the deposition; or

(iii) That the witness is unable to attend to testify because of age, sickness, infirmity, or imprisonment; or

(iv) That the party offering the deposition has been unable to procure the attendance of the witness by subpoena; or

(v) Upon application and notice, that such exceptional circumstances exist as to make it desirable, in the interest of justice and with due regard to the importance of presenting the testimony of witnesses orally in open hearing, to allow the deposition to be used.

(5) If only part of a deposition is offered in evidence by a party, any other party may require him or her to introduce all of it which is relevant to the part introduced, and any party may introduce any other parts.

(b) Objections to admissibility. Except as provided in this paragraph, objection may be made at the hearing to receiving in evidence any deposition or part thereof for any reason which would require the exclusion of the evidence if the witness were then present and testifying.

(1) Objections to the competency of a witness or to the competency, relevancy or materiality of testimony are not waived by failure to make them before or during the taking of the deposition, unless the ground of the objection is one which might have been obviated or removed if presented at that time.

(2) Errors and irregularities occurring at the oral examination in the manner of taking the deposition, in the form of the questions or answers, in the oath or affirmation, or in the conduct of parties and errors of any kind which might be obviated, removed, or cured if promptly presented, are waived unless reasonable objection thereto is made at the taking of the deposition.

(3) Objections to the form or written interrogatories are waived unless served in writing upon the party propounding them.

(c) Effect of taking using depositions. A party shall not be deemed to make a person his or her own witness for any purpose by taking his or her deposition. The introduction in evidence of the deposition or any part thereof for any purpose other than that of contradicting or impeaching the deponent makes the deponent the witness of the party introducing the deposition, but this shall not apply to the use by any other party of a deposition as described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. At the hearing, any party may rebut any relevant evidence contained in a deposition whether introduced by him or her or by any other party.


Although we make every effort to assure that the information we provide is complete and accurate, it is not intended to take the place of published agency regulations. Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation and its Operating Administrations are published in the Federal Register and compiled in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Copies of appropriate volumes of the CFR in book format may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, or examined at many libraries.

The CFR may also be viewed online at

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