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  • § 386.1
    Scope of the rules in this part.
  • § 386.2
    Definitions.
  • § 386.3
    Separation of functions.
  • § 386.4
    Appearances and rights of parties.
  • § 386.5
    Form of filings and extensions of time.
  • § 386.6
    Service.
  • § 386.7
    Filing of documents.
  • § 386.8
    Computation of time.
  • § 386.11
    Commencement of proceedings.
  • § 386.12
    Complaint.
  • § 386.13
    Petitions to review and request for hearing: Driver qualification proceedings.
  • § 386.14
    Reply.
  • § 386.15
    [RESERVED]
  • § 386.16
    Action on replies to the Notice of Claim.
  • § 386.17
    Intervention.
  • § 386.18
    Payment of the claim.
  • § 386.22
    Settlement agreements and their contents.
  • § 386.31
    Official notice.
  • § 386.34
    Motions.
  • § 386.35
    Motions to dismiss and motions for a more definite statement.
  • § 386.36
    Motions for final agency order.
  • § 386.37
    Discovery.
  • § 386.38
    Scope of discovery.
  • § 386.39
    Protective orders.
  • § 386.40
    Supplementation of responses.
  • § 386.41
    Stipulations regarding discovery.
  • § 386.42
    Written interrogatories to parties.
  • § 386.43
    Production of documents and other evidence; entry upon land for inspection and other purposes; and physical and mental examination.
  • § 386.44
    Request for admissions.
  • § 386.45
    Motion to compel discovery.
  • § 386.46
    Depositions.
  • § 386.47
    Use of deposition at hearings.
  • § 386.48
    Medical records and physicians' reports.
  • § 386.49
    Form of written evidence.
  • § 386.51
    Amendment and withdrawal of pleadings.
  • § 386.52
    Appeals from interlocutory rulings.
  • § 386.53
    Subpoenas, witness fees.
  • § 386.54
    Administrative Law Judge.
  • § 386.55
    Prehearing conferences.
  • § 386.56
    Hearings.
  • § 386.57
    Proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law.
  • § 386.58
    Burden of proof.
  • § 386.61
    Decision.
  • § 386.62
    Review of administrative law judge's decision.
  • § 386.63
    Decision on review.
  • § 386.64
    Reconsideration.
  • § 386.65
    Failure to comply with final order.
  • § 386.66
    Motions for rehearing or for modification.
  • § 386.67
    Judicial review.
  • § 386.71
    Injunctions.
  • § 386.72
    Imminent hazard.
  • § 386.73
    Operations out of service and record consolidation proceedings (reincarnated carriers).
  • § 386.81
    General.
  • § 386.82
    Civil penalties for violations of notices and orders.
  • § 386.83
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; operation in interstate commerce prohibited.
  • § 386.84
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; suspension or revocation of registration.

Part 386
RULES OF PRACTICE FOR MOTOR CARRIER, INTERMODAL EQUIPMENT PROVIDER, BROKER, FREIGHT FORWARDER, AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROCEEDINGS

§ 386.12: Complaint.

(a) Complaint of substantial violation. (1) Any person alleging that a substantial violation of any regulation issued under the Motor Carrier Safety Act of 1984 is occurring or has occurred must file a written complaint with FMCSA stating the substance of the alleged substantial violation no later than 90 days after the event. The written complaint, including the information below, must be filed with the National Consumer Complaint Database at http://nccdb.fmcsa.dot.gov or any FMCSA Division Administrator. The Agency will refer the complaint to the Division Administrator who the Agency believes is best able to handle the complaint. Information on filing a written complaint may be obtained by calling 1-800-DOT-SAFT (1-800-368-7238). A substantial violation is one which could reasonably lead to, or has resulted in, serious personal injury or death. Each complaint must be signed by the complainant and must contain:

(i) The name, address, and telephone number of the person who files it;

(ii) The name and address of the alleged violator and, with respect to each alleged violator, the specific provisions of the regulations that the complainant believes were violated; and

(iii) A concise but complete statement of the facts relied upon to substantiate each allegation, including the date of each alleged violation.

(2) Upon the filing of a complaint of a substantial violation under paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the Division Administrator shall determine whether the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(1) of this section. If the Division Administrator determines the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(1), the Division Administrator shall investigate the complaint. The complainant shall be timely notified of findings resulting from the investigation. The Division Administrator shall not be required to conduct separate investigations of duplicative complaints. If the Division Administrator determines the complaint is frivolous or does not meet the requirements of paragraph (a)(1), the Division Administrator shall dismiss the complaint and notify the complainant in writing of the reasons for the dismissal.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, the Division Administrator shall not disclose the identity of complainants unless it is determined that such disclosure is necessary to prosecute a violation. If disclosure becomes necessary, the Division Administrator shall take every practical means within the Division Administrator's authority to ensure that the complainant is not subject to coercion, harassment, intimidation, disciplinary action, discrimination, or financial loss as a result of such disclosure.

(b) Complaint of harassment. (1) A driver alleging a violation of §390.36(b)(1) of this subchapter (harassment) must file a written complaint with FMCSA stating the substance of the alleged harassment by a motor carrier no later than 90 days after the event. The written complaint, including the information described below, must be filed with the National Consumer Complaint Database at http://nccdb.fmcsa.dot.gov or the FMCSA Division Administrator for the State where the driver is employed. The Agency may refer a complaint to another Division Administrator who the Agency believes is best able to handle the complaint. Information on filing a written complaint may be obtained by calling 1-800-DOT-SAFT (1-800-368-7238). Each complaint must be signed by the driver and must contain:

(i) The driver's name, address, and telephone number;

(ii) The name and address of the motor carrier allegedly harassing the driver; and

(iii) A concise but complete statement of the facts relied upon to substantiate each allegation of harassment, including:

(A) How the ELD or other technology used in combination with and not separable from the ELD was used to contribute to harassment;

(B) The date of the alleged action; and

(C) How the motor carrier's action violated either §392.3 or part 395.

Each complaint may include any supporting evidence that will assist the Division Administrator in determining the merits of the complaint.

(2) Upon the filing of a complaint of a violation under paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the appropriate Division Administrator shall determine whether the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(i) If the Division Administrator determines the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the Division Administrator shall investigate the complaint. The complaining driver shall be timely notified of findings resulting from the investigation. The Division Administrator shall not be required to conduct separate investigations of duplicative complaints.

(ii) If the Division Administrator determines the complaint is frivolous or does not meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the Division Administrator shall dismiss the complaint and notify the complainant in writing of the reasons for the dismissal.

(3) Because prosecution of harassment in violation of §390.36(b)(1) of this subchapter will require disclosure of the driver's identity, the Agency shall take every practical means within its authority to ensure that the driver is not subject to coercion, harassment, intimidation, disciplinary action, discrimination, or financial loss as a result of the disclosure. This will include notification that 49 U.S.C. 31105 includes broad employee protections and that retaliation for filing a harassment complaint may subject the motor carrier to enforcement action by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

(c) Complaint of coercion. (1) A driver alleging a violation of §390.6(a)(1) or (2) of this subchapter must file a written complaint with FMCSA stating the substance of the alleged coercion no later than 90 days after the event. The written complaint, including the information described below, must be filed with the National Consumer Complaint Database at http://nccdb.fmcsa.dot.gov or the FMCSA Division Administrator for the State where the driver is employed. The Agency may refer a complaint to another Division Administrator who the Agency believes is best able to handle the complaint. Information on filing a written complaint may be obtained by calling 1-800-DOT-SAFT (1-800-368-7238). Each complaint must be signed by the driver and must contain:

(i) The driver's name, address, and telephone number;

(ii) The name and address of the person allegedly coercing the driver;

(iii) The provisions of the regulations that the driver alleges he or she was coerced to violate; and

(iv) A concise but complete statement of the facts relied upon to substantiate each allegation of coercion, including the date of each alleged violation.

(2) Action on complaint of coercion. Upon the filing of a complaint of coercion under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the appropriate Division Administrator shall determine whether the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (c)(1).

(i) If the Division Administrator determines that the complaint is non-frivolous and meets the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the Division Administrator shall investigate the complaint. The complaining driver shall be timely notified of findings resulting from such investigation. The Division Administrator shall not be required to conduct separate investigations of duplicative complaints.

(ii) If the Division Administrator determines the complaint is frivolous or does not meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the Division Administrator shall dismiss the complaint and notify the driver in writing of the reasons for the dismissal.

(3) Protection of complainants. Because prosecution of coercion in violation of §390.6 of this subchapter will require disclosure of the driver's identity, the Agency shall take every practical means within its authority to ensure that the driver is not subject to coercion, harassment, intimidation, disciplinary action, discrimination, or financial loss as a result of the disclosure. This will include notification that 49 U.S.C. 31105 includes broad employee protections and that retaliation for filing a coercion complaint may subject the alleged coercer to enforcement action by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Citation: [80 FR 78381, Dec. 16, 2015]

Disclaimer:

Although we make every effort to assure that the information we provide is complete and accurate, it is not intended to take the place of published agency regulations. Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation and its Operating Administrations are published in the Federal Register and compiled in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Copies of appropriate volumes of the CFR in book format may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, or examined at many libraries.

The CFR may also be viewed online at http://ECFR.gpoaccess.gov.


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