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Border Enforcement Grant


Grant Objectives

The BEG program is a Federal discretionary grant program that provides financial assistance to States and entities that share a land border with another country for carrying out border commercial motor vehicle (CMV) safety programs and related enforcement activities and projects.

The goal of the BEG program is to reduce the number and severity of commercial motor vehicle crashes in the United States. CMVs from foreign countries entering the United States must comply with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety and Hazardous Material regulations, financial responsibility and registration requirements of the United States. All drivers of those vehicles must be properly licensed and qualified to operate the CMV.

Congress intended that these Border Enforcement Grants be used primarily for enforcement activities related to foreign-domiciled carriers that engage in foreign commerce by crossing the Mexican or Canadian borders. Except as indicated in the last sentence of this paragraph, foreign commerce includes any transportation within the United States intended by the shipper to cross a United States international border before delivery to the consignee. A shipment that originates in one State in the United States and terminates in another State in the United States is not considered transportation in foreign commerce, even if part of the transportation occurs in a foreign country.

The Federal share of the BEG may be 100 percent of the expenditures approved in the State or entity's Border Enforcement Plan provided the maintenance of expenditures amount is met. 

Requests from entities should be coordinated with the State lead agency for the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP). State lead agency information is available by contacting the FMCSA Division office located within each border state. 

Grant Criteria

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) must ensure as steward of the taxpayer dollars, that it awards BEG funds in a manner that considers cost and benefits, performance goals, fiscal responsibility and accountability.

The amount of the award to a qualified applicant will be based on the recommendations from the FMCSA Division office and the technical review panel. A review of all applications received and the amount of BEG funding available.

The national technical review panel will prioritize funding requests based on, but not limited to, the following factors:

  • Amount of prior year BEG award funds remaining.
  • Number of reported "foreign commerce" inspections for applicants that received BEG funding in the previous grant year.
  • Current international truck and bus crossing data for all states reported on the Research and Innovative Technology Administration and Bureau of Transportation statistics web site.
  • Legislative requirements under Section 350 of the 2002 Department of Transportation Appropriations Act to support inspection activities of foreign domiciled carriers in states along the United States-Mexico border.
  • Amount and year of any previously awarded BEG funds that were unspent.
  • Proposed locations of BEG activities and locations of border ports of entry.
  • Estimated and actual amount of current fiscal year funds awarded under other FMCSA grant programs.

Grant Eligibility

The following are eligible for the Border Enforcement Grant (BEG):

  • A State or entity that shares a land border with another country for carrying out commercial motor vehicle safety programs and related enforcement activity and projects.
  • Individuals are not eligible for BEG funding.

Eligible activities include:

  • Ensure southern Border States are meeting all Federal requirements specified in Section 350 of the FY 2002 Department of Transportation Appropriations Act, to allow access to Mexico-domiciled carriers beyond the border commercial zones;
  • Increase the number of CMV safety inspections and commercial driver's license(CDL)/operating authority/financial responsibility checks focusing on the following types of international traffic:
    • Motor carriers of Property, and
    • Motor carriers of Hazardous Materials (HM)*, 
  • Increase the number of motor coach inspections to a minimum of five percent of the total BEG inspections to be conducted at or within the commercial zones of international crossings,**
  • Targeted CMV inspections within corridors where there is a significant amount of international traffic based on state transportation statistics. (FMCSA defines significant as 50% or greater international traffic)
  • Improve the capability to conduct CMV safety inspection at remote and other sites near the northern or southern borders. (The list of grant expenditures eligible for reimbursement in subsections (a) through (f) of 49 CFR 350.311, relating to MCSAP should be used as a guide.);
  • Other innovative initiatives designed to improve the compliance status of CMVs, drivers, and carriers entering the United States from Canada or Mexico; and
  • Research initiatives focused on cross-border enforcement and related issues.

*  If the states safety data reflects crashes or incidents involving HM carriers.
** If the applicant is unable to meet the minimum five percent motor coach inspections, an explanation must be provided that adequately explains why this inspection activity cannot be met.

Application and Award Process

Learn more about the application and award process here.

Grant Authorization

Border Enforcement Grant funding for fiscal years 2006-2009, is authorized by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (Public Law 109-59, Sections 4101(c)(2) and 4110),  as amended by Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century,Pub. L. No.112–141, §§ 32603(c) and 32603(h) (2012), 49 USC Section 31107 (2006) as amended.

Updated: Friday, March 21, 2014
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