Technologies - Field Operational Test
Many of the technologies that were tested are commercially available and are already used in in commercial operations to enhance safety and efficiency. This research project combined the technologies in new ways to best meet the threats to hazardous materials transportation.
Tracking and Communications Technologies
- Wireless Satellite or Terrestrial Communications with Global
Positioning Systemin conjunction with the participants dispatch systems, the
position/location and status of vehicles are automatically relayed to dispatchers at
regular frequencies. Drivers and dispatchers are also able to communicate with each other
through two-way text messaging.
- Untethered Trailer Trackinguses sensors attached to trailers to relay
reports of trailer connects/disconnects, trailer location, time, status, and other events
- Routing and Geo-Fenced Mapping Softwarewith the
vehicle/trailer position tracking technologies, sends alerts to dispatchers and provides
frequent position reports if one of their trucks leaves a predetermined route (as might
happen in a hijacking) or enters an area considered as highrisk (such as proximity to a
- Panic Buttonsallow drivers to send emergency alert
messages to dispatchers. If used with intelligent onboard computers, a driver-carried
panic button unit can be used to remotely disable the truck.
Driver Authentication Technologies
- Biometrics and Smartcardsare used to positively identify
drivers to shippers, consignees, and to their vehicles. Smartcards with predetermined
driver-specific information will be used with biometric fingerprint scanners to validate
drivers identities and record drop off, pickup, and truck start up events. When used
in the truck, the bio-login process sends alerts to dispatchers if an
unauthorized person attempts to operate the truck.
- Driver Authentication with Global Loginis an
identification feature that requires a driver to enter a user id and password on a keypad
in a truck. The login information is verified both locally and over the air using the
wireless communication system. If this verification fails, alerts will be sent to
Electronic Shipping Documentation
- Electronic Supply Chain Manifest Systemis a secure
shipping manifest system that allows only authorized users, validated via biometric and
smartcard identification to create or view hazardous materials shipping documentation or
access loads. The system allows those with an essential role in the shipment to track the
status of the shipments and know who had cargo access and when, from pickup to delivery.
Onboard Computers (OBCs)
- Intelligent Onboard Computers with Vehicle Disabling and
Cargo Lockingintegrates an OBC with wireless communications and vehicle operating
systems to allow dispatcher-initiated remote vehicle shutdowns and trailer door
locking/unlocking using electronic cargo locks.
Electronic Cargo Seals
- E-Sealsare intelligent cargo seals that can automatically alert dispatchers via wireless
communications in the event of tampering. Alerts provide date, time, and location/position
of the trailer when a seal is breached.