[Federal Register: June 18, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 117)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Controlled Substances and Alcohol Testing Management Information
System (MIS) Statistical Data
AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.
SUMMARY: The FMCSA announces the motor carrier industry's 1999
controlled substances and alcohol usage rates based on testing data
submitted by a random sample of motor carriers. The positive rate for
controlled substances was 1.3 percent in calendar year 1999. The
alcohol ``violation'' rate was 0.2 percent in 1999. Because the
positive rate from controlled substances testing has remained above 1.0
percent during this same period, the FMCSA will maintain the random
controlled substances testing rate for calendar year 2001 at 50
percent, in accordance with FMCSA regulations. Because the alcohol
testing violation rate has remained below 0.5 percent for 1999, the
FMCSA announces that it is maintaining the random alcohol testing rate
for calendar year 2001 at 10 percent, in accordance with the provisions
of the testing regulations. This lowered rate continues the DOT policy
set in 1998 when data supported the same policy decision. This notice
continues the existing policy. It is effective until further notice.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For enforcement questions: Mr. Kenneth
Rodgers, Office of Enforcement and Compliance (MC-ECE), 202-366-4016;
for substance questions: Mr. David M. Lehrman, Office of Policy, Plans
and Regulations (MC-PRR), 202-366-0994; for statistical questions: Mr.
Richard Gruberg, Office of Data Analysis and Information Systems (MC-
RIA), 202-366-2959; for legal questions, Mr. Michael Falk, Office of
the Chief Counsel (MC-CC), 202-366-1384, Federal Motor Carrier Safety
Administration, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590.
On December 23, 1993 (58 FR 68220), the FHWA (the predecessor
agency to the FMCSA) announced it would require motor carriers subject
to 49 CFR part 391, later replaced by part 382, to implement and
maintain specific controlled substance testing data, and submit an
appropriate annual report when requested. All motor carriers must
maintain this information. The FHWA randomly selected a sample of motor
carriers annually and asked those selected to submit their data.
On February 15, 1994 (59 FR 7484), the FHWA promulgated new
controlled substances and alcohol testing rules in 49 CFR part 382.
These rules combined the controlled substances annual report with a
similar alcohol rule ``violation'' annual report. Alcohol rule
violations for purposes of the annual report are alcohol concentrations
of 0.04 or greater and refusals to submit to alcohol testing.
On March 13, 1995, the FHWA amended the rules to reduce the
information collection burden on all respondents, including small
entities (60 FR 13369).
The current rule at Sec. 382.403, formerly at 49 CFR 391.87(h), is
essential for the accomplishment of the following four goals:
1. Collection of controlled substances and alcohol testing
2. Using the data to analyze the FMCSA's current approach to
deterring and detecting illegal controlled substances use and alcohol
misuse in the motor carrier industry.
3. Determining each calendar year's random selection rates for
alcohol and controlled substances testing under the rule.
4. Providing for a more efficient and effective regulatory program.
In 1995, the FHWA requested a sample of motor carriers to report
data collected in 1994. The FHWA determined the random positive
controlled substances usage rate for commercial motor vehicle (CMV)
drivers subject to 49 CFR part 391, subpart H, for the period of
January 1, 1994, through December 31, 1994, was 2.6 percent. Based on
data collected in subsequent years, this rate was determined to be 2.8
percent in 1995 and 2.2 percent in 1996.
Estimates of positive usage rates for alcohol were first produced
for calendar year 1995. The alcohol testing ``violation'' rate was 0.14
percent in 1995, and 0.18 percent in 1996.
The criteria for raising or lowering the random testing rates are
established by regulation. Under 49 CFR Sec. 382.305(d)(1), when the
minimum annual percentage rate for random alcohol testing is 25 percent
or more, the FMCSA Administrator may lower the rate to 10 percent of
all driver positions if the Administrator determines that the data
received under the reporting requirements of Sec. 382.403 for two
consecutive years indicate that the violation rate is less than 0.5
Based upon this authority, and because the violation rate was below
0.5 percent for two consecutive years, the FHWA announced it was
lowering the random alcohol testing rate for calendar year 1998 to 10
percent. The random controlled substances testing rate remained 50
percent. On January 14, 1998 (63 FR 2172) the agency published this
policy in a notice including an extensive appendix C explaining the
methodology used to estimate the controlled substances positive and
alcohol violation rates.
The controlled substances usage rate based on 1998 survey data was
1.5 percent. The alcohol violation rate for 1998 was 0.4 percent.
This notice announces the results of data collected for the 1999
FMCSA Drug and Alcohol Surveys. These surveys, conducted annually,
measure the percentage of CDL drivers testing positive for controlled
substances (as defined in 49 CFR Sec. 40.21) and/or alcohol, based on
both random and nonrandom testing. The survey data are collected from a
random sample of motor carrier annual drug and alcohol testing
summaries. Because the positive rate from random controlled substances
testing has remained above 1.0 percent during this period, the FMCSA is
maintaining the random controlled substances testing rate for calendar
year 2001 at 50 percent, in accordance with 49 CFR Sec. 382.305(g). The
FMCSA is also maintaining the random alcohol testing rate for calendar
year 2001 at 10 percent, in accordance with 49 CFR 382.305(d)(1).
Issued on: June 11, 2001.
Stephen E. Barber,
Acting Deputy Administrator.
[FR Doc. 01-15332 Filed 6-15-01; 8:45 am]
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