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  • § 393.1
    Scope of the rules in this part.
  • § 393.3
    Additional equipment and accessories.
  • § 393.5
    Definitions.
  • § 393.7
    Matter incorporated by reference.
  • § 393.9
    Lamps operable, prohibition of obstructions of lamps and reflectors.
  • § 393.11
    Lamps and reflective devices.
  • § 393.13
    Retroreflective sheeting and reflex reflectors, requirements for semitrailers and trailers manufactured before December 1, 1993.
  • § 393.17

    Lamps and reflectors—combinations in driveaway-towaway operation.

  • § 393.19
    Hazard warning signals.
  • § 393.20
  • § 393.22
    Combination of lighting devices and reflectors.
  • § 393.23
    Power supply for lamps.
  • § 393.24
    Requirements for head lamps, auxiliary driving lamps and front fog lamps.
  • § 393.25
    Requirements for lamps other than head lamps.
  • § 393.26
    Requirements for reflectors.
  • § 393.27
  • § 393.28
    Wiring systems.
  • § 393.29
  • § 393.30
    Battery installation.
  • §§ 393.31-393.33
  • § 393.40
    Required brake systems.
  • § 393.41
    Parking brake system.
  • § 393.42

    Brakes required on all wheels.

  • § 393.43
    Breakaway and emergency braking.
  • § 393.44
    Front brake lines, protection.
  • § 393.45
    Brake tubing and hoses; hose assemblies and end fittings.
  • § 393.46
  • § 393.47
    Brake actuators, slack adjusters, linings/pads and drums/rotors.
  • § 393.48
    Brakes to be operative.
  • § 393.49
    Control valves for brakes.
  • § 393.50
    Reservoirs required.
  • § 393.51
    Warning signals, air pressure and vacuum gauges.
  • § 393.52
    Brake performance.
  • § 393.53
    Automatic brake adjusters and brake adjustment indicators.
  • § 393.55
    Antilock brake systems.
  • § 393.60
    Glazing in specified openings.
  • § 393.61
    Truck and truck tractor window construction.
  • § 393.62
    Emergency exits for buses.
  • § 393.63
  • § 393.65
    All fuel systems.
  • § 393.67
    Liquid fuel tanks.
  • § 393.68
    Compressed natural gas fuel containers.
  • § 393.69
    Liquefied petroleum gas systems.
  • § 393.70
    Coupling devices and towing methods, except for driveaway-towaway operations.
  • § 393.71
    Coupling devices and towing methods, driveaway-towaway operations.
  • § 393.75
    Tires.
  • § 393.76
    Sleeper berths.
  • § 393.77
    Heaters.
  • § 393.78
    Windshield wiping and washing systems.
  • § 393.79
    Windshield defrosting and defogging systems.
  • § 393.80
    Rear-vision mirrors.
  • § 393.81
    Horn.
  • § 393.82
    Speedometer.
  • § 393.83
    Exhaust systems.
  • § 393.84
    Floors.
  • § 393.85
  • § 393.86
    Rear impact guards and rear end protection.
  • § 393.87
    Warning flags on projecting loads.
  • § 393.88
    Television receivers.
  • § 393.89
    Buses, driveshaft protection.
  • § 393.90
    Buses, standee line or bar.
  • § 393.91
    Buses, aisle seats prohibited.
  • § 393.92
  • § 393.93
    Seats, seat belt assemblies, and seat belt assembly anchorages.
  • § 393.94
    Interior noise levels in power units.
  • § 393.95
    Emergency equipment on all power units.
  • § 393.100
    Which types of commercial motor vehicles are subject to the cargo securement standards of this subpart, and what general requirements apply?
  • § 393.102
    What are the minimum performance criteria for cargo securement devices and systems?
  • § 393.104
    What standards must cargo securement devices and systems meet in order to satisfy the requirements of this subpart?
  • § 393.106
    What are the general requirements for securing articles of cargo?
  • § 393.108
    How is the working load limit of a tiedown, or the load restraining value of a friction mat, determined?
  • § 393.110
    What else do I have to do to determine the minimum number of tiedowns?
  • § 393.112
    Must a tiedown be adjustable?
  • § 393.114
    What are the requirements for front end structures used as part of a cargo securement system?
  • § 393.116
    What are the rules for securing logs?
  • § 393.118
    What are the rules for securing dressed lumber or similar building products?
  • § 393.120
    What are the rules for securing metal coils?
  • § 393.122
    What are the rules for securing paper rolls?
  • § 393.124
    What are the rules for securing concrete pipe?
  • § 393.126
    What are the rules for securing intermodal containers?
  • § 393.128
    What are the rules for securing automobiles, light trucks and vans?
  • § 393.130
    What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?
  • § 393.132
    What are the rules for securing flattened or crushed vehicles?
  • § 393.134
    What are the rules for securing roll-on/roll-off or hook lift containers?
  • § 393.136
    What are the rules for securing large boulders?
  • § 393.201
    Frames.
  • § 393.203
    Cab and body components.
  • § 393.205
    Wheels.
  • § 393.207
    Suspension systems.
  • § 393.209

    Steering wheel systems.

Part 393
PARTS AND ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION

§ 393.106: What are the general requirements for securing articles of cargo?

(a) Applicability. The rules in this section are applicable to the transportation of all types of articles of cargo, except commodities in bulk that lack structure or fixed shape (e.g., liquids, gases, grain, liquid concrete, sand, gravel, aggregates) and are transported in a tank, hopper, box, or similar device that forms part of the structure of a commercial motor vehicle. The rules in this section apply to the cargo types covered by the commodity-specific rules of § 393.116 through § 393.136. The commodity-specific rules take precedence over the general requirements of this section when additional requirements are given for a commodity listed in those sections.
(b) General. Cargo must be firmly immobilized or secured on or within a vehicle by structures of adequate strength, dunnage or dunnage bags, shoring bars, tiedowns or a combination of these.
(c) Cargo placement and restraint. (1) Articles of cargo that are likely to roll must be restrained by chocks, wedges, a cradle or other equivalent means to prevent rolling. The means of preventing rolling must not be capable of becoming unintentionally unfastened or loose while the vehicle is in transit.
(2) Articles or cargo placed beside each other and secured by transverse tiedowns must either:
(i) Be placed in direct contact with each other, or
(ii) Be prevented from shifting towards each other while in transit.
(d) Aggregate working load limit for tiedowns. The aggregate working load limit of tiedowns used to secure an article or group of articles against movement must be at least one-half times the weight of the article or group of articles. The aggregate working load limit is the sum of:
(1) One-half the working load limit of each tiedown that goes from an anchor point on the vehicle to an anchor point on an article of cargo;
(2) One-half the working load limit of each tiedown that is attached to an anchor point on the vehicle, passes through, over, or around the article of cargo, and is then attached to an anchor point on the same side of the vehicle.
(3) The working load limit for each tiedown that goes from an anchor point on the vehicle, through, over, or around the article of cargo, and then attaches to another anchor point on the other side of the vehicle.

Citation: [67 FR 61225, Sept. 27, 2002, as amended at 68 FR 56208, Sept. 30, 2003; 71 FR 35833, June 22, 2006]