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  • § 386.1
    Scope of the rules in this part.
  • § 386.2
    Definitions.
  • § 386.3
    Separation of functions.
  • § 386.4
    Appearances and rights of parties.
  • § 386.5
    Form of filings and extensions of time.
  • § 386.6
    Service.
  • § 386.7
    Filing of documents.
  • § 386.8
    Computation of time.
  • § 386.11
    Commencement of proceedings.
  • § 386.12
    Complaint.
  • § 386.13
    Petitions to review and request for hearing: Driver qualification proceedings.
  • § 386.14
    Reply.
  • § 386.15
    [RESERVED]
  • § 386.16
    Action on replies to the Notice of Claim.
  • § 386.17
    Intervention.
  • § 386.18
    Payment of the claim.
  • § 386.22
    Settlement agreements and their contents.
  • § 386.31
    Official notice.
  • § 386.34
    Motions.
  • § 386.35
    Motions to dismiss and motions for a more definite statement.
  • § 386.36
    Motions for final agency order.
  • § 386.37
    Discovery.
  • § 386.38
    Scope of discovery.
  • § 386.39
    Protective orders.
  • § 386.40
    Supplementation of responses.
  • § 386.41
    Stipulations regarding discovery.
  • § 386.42
    Written interrogatories to parties.
  • § 386.43
    Production of documents and other evidence; entry upon land for inspection and other purposes; and physical and mental examination.
  • § 386.44
    Request for admissions.
  • § 386.45
    Motion to compel discovery.
  • § 386.46
    Depositions.
  • § 386.47
    Use of deposition at hearings.
  • § 386.48
    Medical records and physicians' reports.
  • § 386.49
    Form of written evidence.
  • § 386.51
    Amendment and withdrawal of pleadings.
  • § 386.52
    Appeals from interlocutory rulings.
  • § 386.53
    Subpoenas, witness fees.
  • § 386.54
    Administrative Law Judge.
  • § 386.55
    Prehearing conferences.
  • § 386.56
    Hearings.
  • § 386.57
    Proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law.
  • § 386.58
    Burden of proof.
  • § 386.61
    Decision.
  • § 386.62
    Review of administrative law judge's decision.
  • § 386.63
    Decision on review.
  • § 386.64
    Reconsideration.
  • § 386.65
    Failure to comply with final order.
  • § 386.66
    Motions for rehearing or for modification.
  • § 386.67
    Judicial review.
  • § 386.71
    Injunctions.
  • § 386.72
    Imminent hazard.
  • § 386.73
    Operations out of service and record consolidation proceedings (reincarnated carriers).
  • § 386.81
    General.
  • § 386.82
    Civil penalties for violations of notices and orders.
  • § 386.83
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; operation in interstate commerce prohibited.
  • § 386.84
    Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; suspension or revocation of registration.

Part 386
RULES OF PRACTICE FOR MOTOR CARRIER, INTERMODAL EQUIPMENT PROVIDER, BROKER, FREIGHT FORWARDER, AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROCEEDINGS

§ 386.2: Definitions.

Abate or abatement means to discontinue regulatory violations by refraining from or taking actions identified in a notice to correct noncompliance.
Administration means the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
Administrative adjudication means a process or proceeding to resolve contested claims in conformity with the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 554-558.
Administrative law judge means an administrative law judge appointed pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 3105.
Agency means the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
Agency Counsel means the attorney who prosecutes a civil penalty matter on behalf of the Field Administrator.
Assistant Administrator means the Assistant Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The Assistant Administrator is the Chief Safety Officer of the agency pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 113(e). Decisions of the Assistant Administrator in motor carrier, broker, freight forwarder, and hazardous materials proceedings under this part are administratively final.
Broker means a person who, for compensation, arranges or offers to arrange the transportation of property by an authorized motor carrier. A motor carrier, or person who is an employee or bona fide agent of a carrier, is not a broker within the meaning of this section when it arranges or offers to arrange the transportation of shipments which it is authorized to transport and which it has accepted and legally bound itself to transport.
Civil forfeiture proceedings means proceedings to collect civil penalties for violations under the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (49 U.S.C. Chapter 313); the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1975, as amended (49 U.S.C. Chapter 51); the Motor Carrier Safety Act of 1984 (49 U.S.C. Chapter 311, Subchapter III); section 18 of the Bus Regulatory Reform Act of 1982 (49 U.S.C. 31138); section 30 of the Motor Carrier Act of 1980 (49 U.S.C. 31139); and the ICC Termination Act of 1995 (49 U.S.C. Chapters 131-149).
Civil penalty proceedings means proceedings to collect civil penalties for violations of regulations and statutes within the jurisdiction of FMCSA.
Claimant means the representative of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration authorized to make claims.
Commercial regulations means statutes and regulations that apply to persons providing or arranging transportation for compensation subject to the Secretary's jurisdiction under 49 U.S.C. Chapter 135. The statutes are codified in Part B of Subtitle IV, Title 49, U.S.C. (49 U.S.C. 13101 through 14913). The regulations include those issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration or its predecessors under authority provided in 49 U.S.C. 13301 or a predecessor statute.
Decisionmaker means the Assistant Administrator of FMCSA, acting in the capacity of the decisionmaker or any person to whom the Assistant Administrator has delegated his/her authority in a civil penalty proceeding. As used in this subpart, the Agency decisionmaker is the official authorized to issue a final decision and order of the Agency in a civil penalty proceeding.
Default means an omission or failure to perform a legal duty within the time specified for action, failure to reply to a Notice of Claim within the time required, or failure to submit a reply in accordance with the requirements of this part. A default may result in issuance of a Final Agency Order or additional penalties against the defaulting party.
Department means the U.S. Department of Transportation.
Docket Operations means the U.S. Department of Transportation's docket management system, which is the central repository for original copies of all documents filed before the agency decisionmaker.
Driver qualification proceeding means a proceeding commenced under 49 CFR 391.47 or by issuance of a letter of disqualification.
Federal Motor Carrier Commercial Regulations (FMCCRs) means statutes and regulations applying to persons providing or arranging transportation for compensation subject to the Secretary's jurisdiction under 49 U.S.C. Chapter 135. The statutes are codified in Part B of Subtitle IV, Title 49 U.S.C. (49 U.S.C. 13101 through 14913). The regulations include those issued by FMCSA or its predecessors under authority provided in 49 U.S.C. 13301 or a predecessor statute.
Field Administrator means the head of an FMCSA Service Center who has been delegated authority to initiate compliance and enforcement actions on behalf of FMCSA.
Final Agency Order means the final action by FMCSA issued pursuant to this part by the appropriate Field Administrator (for default judgments under § 386.14) or the Assistant Administrator, or settlement agreements which become the Final Agency Order pursuant to 386.22, or decisions of the Administrative Law Judge, which become the Final Agency Order pursuant to 386.61 or binding arbitration awards. A person who fails to perform the actions directed in the Final Agency Order commits a violation of that order and is subject to an additional penalty as prescribed in subpart G of this part.
FMCSRs means the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations.
Formal hearing means an evidentiary hearing on the record in which parties have the opportunity to conduct discovery, present relevant evidence, and cross-examine witnesses.
Freight forwarder means a person holding itself out to the general public (other than as an express, pipeline, rail, sleeping car, motor, or water carrier) to provide transportation of property for compensation in interstate commerce, and in the ordinary course of its business:
(1) Performs or provides for assembling, consolidating, break-bulk, and distribution of shipments;
(2) Assumes responsibility for transportation from place of receipt to destination; and
(3) Uses for any part of the transportation a carrier subject to FMCSA jurisdiction.
Hearing officer means a neutral Agency employee designated by the Assistant Administrator to preside over an informal hearing.
HMRs means Hazardous Materials Regulations.
Informal hearing means a hearing in which the parties have the opportunity to present relevant evidence to a neutral Hearing Officer, who will prepare findings of fact and recommendations for the Agency decisionmaker. The informal hearing will not be on the transcribed record and discovery will not be allowed. Parties will have the opportunity to discuss their case and present testimony and evidence before the Hearing Officer without the formality of a formal hearing.
Mail means U.S. first class mail, U.S. registered or certified mail, or use of a commercial delivery service.
Motor carrier means a motor carrier, motor private carrier, or motor carrier of migrant workers as defined in 49 U.S.C. 13102 and 31501.
Notice of Claim (NOC) means the initial document issued by FMCSA to assert a civil penalty for alleged violations of the FMCSRs, HMRs, or FMCCRs.
Notice of Violation (NOV) means a document alleging a violation of the FMCSRs, HMRs, or FMCCRs, for which corrective action, other than payment of a civil penalty, is recommended.
Person means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, or any other organized group of individuals.
Reply means a written response to a Notice of Claim, admitting or denying the allegations contained within the Notice of Claim. In addition, the reply provides the mechanism for determining whether the respondent seeks to pay, settle, contest, or seek binding arbitration of the claim. See § 386.14. If contesting the allegations, the reply must also set forth all known affirmative defenses and factors in mitigation of the claim.
Petitioner means a party petitioning to overturn a determination in a driver qualification proceeding.
Respondent means a party against whom relief is sought or claim is made.
Secretary means the Secretary of Transportation.
Submission of written evidence without hearing means the submission of written evidence and legal argument to the Agency decisionmaker, or his/her representative, in lieu of a formal or informal hearing.

Citation: [50 FR 40306, Oct. 2, 1985, as amended at 53 FR 2036, Jan. 26, 1988; 56 FR 10182, Mar. 11, 1991; 65 FR 7755, Feb. 16, 2000; 65 FR 78427, Dec. 15, 2000; 67 FR 61821, Oct. 2, 2002; 70 FR 28748, May 18, 2005; 72 FR 55701, Oct. 1, 2007; 78 FR 58481, Sept. 24, 2013]

Disclaimer:

Although we make every effort to assure that the information we provide is complete and accurate, it is not intended to take the place of published agency regulations. Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation and its Operating Administrations are published in the Federal Register and compiled in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Copies of appropriate volumes of the CFR in book format may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, or examined at many libraries.

The CFR may also be viewed online at http://ECFR.gpoaccess.gov.