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Driver's Handbook on Cargo Securement - Chapter 6: Paper Rolls

What Does This Section Cover? (Section 3.4.1)

The rules in this section apply to shipments of paper rolls, which individually or together, weigh 2268 kg (5000 lb.) or more.

Note: Shipments of paper rolls that weigh less than 2268 kg (5000 lb.), and paper rolls that are unitized on a pallet may either be secured in accordance this section or with the general cargo securement requirements (Section 2).

Note: This section does not apply to small rolls of paper shipped in cartons/containers such as toilet paper or paper towels that would be used in the kitchen. This type of product is covered in the general cargo securement requirements (Section 2).

Plan a Securement System for Paper Rolls

  • Select a good load pattern.
  • Block, brace, or immobilize paper rolls to make sure they are prevented from sliding, tipping, or rolling.
  • Prevent significant movement of small groups of paper rolls when movement is not prevented by other cargo or by the vehicle structure.
  • Symmetrically stack paper rolls when eyes are horizontal.
  • Make sure that stacks are secured to prevent significant movement.
  • Use friction mats to prevent horizontal movement.
  • Use tiedowns that pass over the paper rolls to increase the effect of friction.
  • Use tiedowns when rolls are loaded on flatbeds or curtain-sided vehicles.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Vertical in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.2)

Requirements for placement

  • Place paper rolls together in a group so that the structure of the group can be maintained.
  • Place paper rolls against:
    • The front and walls of the vehicle
    • Each other
    • Other cargo.
  • Usually the roll is secure if a paper roll has 3 well-separated points of contact with the vehicle, other rolls, or other cargo.

Diagram of paper roll that is tied down twice to the truck and once to another paper roll. This represents the 3 Points of Contact

Requirements for preventing side-to-side movement

If there are not enough paper rolls in the shipment to reach the walls of the vehicle, prevent side-to-side movement by one of these methods:

  • Blocking
  • Bracing
  • Tiedowns
  • Void fillers
  • Friction mats
  • Banding the rolls together

Requirements for preventing rearward movement

When any void behind a group of paper rolls (including rolls at the rear of the vehicle) is greater than the diameter of the paper rolls, prevent rearward movement by one of these methods.

  • Friction mats
  • Blocking
  • Bracing
  • Tiedowns
  • Banding to other rolls

Requirements for preventing paper rolls from tipping

Situation #1:

  • Paper roll is not prevented from tipping by the vehicle structure or other cargo.
  • Paper roll width is more than 2 times its diameter.

Solution #1:

  • Either band the roll to other rolls.
  • Or brace it.
  • Or use tiedowns.

Width is two times greater than the diameter

Situation #2:

  • The forwardmost roll(s) in a group of paper rolls is not prevented from tipping or falling forward by vehicle structure or other cargo.
  • Paper roll width is more than 1.75 times its diameter.

Solution #2:

  • Either band the roll to other rolls.
  • Or brace it.
  • Or use tiedowns.

Picture of two paper rolls

Situation #3:

  • A paper roll or the forwardmost roll(s) in a group of paper rolls is not prevented from tipping or falling forward by vehicle structure or other cargo.
  • Paper roll width is more than 1.25 times its diameter.
  • Blocking is used to prevent forward movement.

Solution #3:

The blocking tends to "trip" the roll so additional tipping securement is required.

  • Either band the roll to other rolls.
  • Or brace it.
  • Or use tiedowns.

Picture of two paper rolls

Situation #4

  • A paper roll or the forwardmost roll(s) in a group of paper rolls is not prevented from tipping or falling forward by vehicle structure or other cargo.
  • Paper roll width is more than 1.25 times and less than 1.76 times its diameter.
  • Only friction mats are used for forward securement.

Solution #4:

The friction mat alone is adequate. The friction mat allows the roll to slide on the floor without tripping the roll.

Banding

If paper rolls are banded together:

  • Place rolls tightly against each other to form a stable group.
  • Apply bands tightly.
  • Secure bands with tape, hangers, or other means so that the bands cannot fall off the rolls or slide down to the deck.

Diagram of paper rolls tied together with a strap hanger and tape.

Band Supports

Requirements for friction mats

If a friction mat is used to provide the principal securement for a paper roll, insert the friction mat so that it sticks out from beneath the footprint of the roll in the direction in which it is providing securement.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Vertical in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.3)

Requirements for split loads

Situation

  • A paper roll in a split load is not prevented from forward movement by the vehicle structure or other cargo.

Solution

Prevent forward movement by one of these methods.

  • Friction mats
  • Filling the open space
  • Blocking
  • Bracing
  • Tiedowns
  • Some combination of these

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Vertical in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.4)

Stacked Loads

  • Load paper rolls on a second layer only if the bottom layer extends to the front of the vehicle.
  • Prevent forward, rearward, or side-to-side movement:
    • Either by the same means required for the bottom layer
    • Or by the use of a blocking roll from a lower layer.
  • A roll in the rearmost row of any layer must not be raised using dunnage.

Note: The Blocking row must be at least 38 mm (1.5 in) taller than other rolls, or must be raised at least 38 mm (1.5 inches) using dunnage.

Picture of paper rolls stacked on top of each other.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Horizontal in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.5)

Requirements for eyes crosswise: prevent forward and rearward movement

To prevent paper rolls from rolling or shifting in the forward and rearward directions:

  • Either position the rolls in contact with the vehicle structure or other cargo.
  • Or use chocks, wedges, tiedowns, blocking, and bracing.

Note: Chocks, wedges or blocking used to secure intermediate rolls from forward or rearward movement during loading do not have to be secured in place.

Note: Chocks, Wedges, or Blocking Securing the Front or Rear Roll - Hold in place by some means in addition to friction so they cannot become unintentionally unfastened or loose while the vehicle is in transit. This is often accomplished with nails.

Picture of person hammering in a wedge under the tied down paper rolls

Requirements for eyes crosswise: secure rearmost roll

Do not secure the rearmost roll with:

  • Either the rear doors of the vehicle or intermodal container
  • Or blocking held in place by those doors.

The doors are not designed or intended as a cargo securing device. The rolls may push the doors open during transit or onto loading dock personnel when the doors are opened.

Requirements for eyes crosswise: prevent rolls from shifting toward either wall

If there is more than a total of 203 mm (8 in) of space between the ends of a paper roll and other rolls or the walls of the vehicle, use one of these methods:

  • Void fillers (such as honeycomb)
  • Blocking
  • Bracing
  • Friction mats
  • Tiedowns

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Horizontal in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.6)

Requirements for eyes crosswise: secure stacks of paper rolls from front-to-back movement

  • Do not load paper rolls on a second layer unless the bottom layer extends to the front of the vehicle.
  • Load paper rolls on higher layers only if all wells in the layer beneath are filled.

  • Secure the foremost roll in each upper layer (or any roll with an empty well in front of it) against forward movement:
    • Either by placing it in a well formed by two rolls on the lower row whose diameter is equal to or greater than that of the roll on the upper row.
    • Or by banding it to other rolls.
    • Or by blocking it against an eye-vertical blocking roll resting on the floor of the vehicle that is at least 1.5 times taller than the diameter of the roll being blocked.

If the rearmost roll in each upper layer is located in either of the last two wells formed by the rearmost rolls in the layer below, band it to the other rolls.

Diagram of paper rolls where the cargos bottom layer is at the front of the vehice. There is also second level of paper rolls. All are tied down.

No paper rolls in second layer unless bottom layer extends to front of vehicle

Requirements for eyes crosswise: prevent stacked rolls from shifting toward either wall

If there is more than a total of 203 mm (8 in) of space between the ends of a paper roll and other rolls or the walls of the vehicle, use one of these methods.

  • Void fillers (such as honeycomb)
  • Blocking
  • Bracing
  • Friction mats
  • Tiedowns

These are the same requirements that are used to secure a single layer of paper rolls.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Horizontal in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.7)

Requirements for eyes lengthwise: prevent movement

Direction of Potential Movement Methods to Prevent Movement
Forward
  • Vehicle structure
  • Other cargo
  • Blocking
  • Tiedowns
Rearward
  • Other cargo
  • Blocking
  • Fiction mats
  • Tiedowns
Side - to - Side
  • Vehicle wall
  • Other cargo
  • Chocks, wedges, or blocking of adequate size

Note: hocks, Wedges, or Blocking Securing the Front or Rear Roll - Hold in place by some means in addition to friction so they cannot become unintentionally unfastened or loose while the vehicle is in transit. This is often accomplished with nails.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls with Eyes Horizontal in a Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.8)

Requirements for eyes lengthwise: stacked loads

  • Do not load paper rolls in an upper layer if another roll will fit in the layer beneath.
  • Form an upper layer by placing the paper rolls in the wells formed by the rolls beneath.

Eyes lengthwise: prevent forward and rearward movement

Secure a roll in an upper layer against forward and rearward movement:

  • Either by any of the means required for the bottom layer.
  • Or by using a blocking roll.
  • Or by banding it to other rolls.

Special Circumstances: Loading and Securing Paper Rolls on a Flatbed Vehicle or a Curtain-Sided Vehicle (Section 3.4.9)

Requirements for eyes vertical or with eyes horizontal and lengthwise (Section 3.4.9.1)

  • Load and secure the paper rolls as described for a sided vehicle.
  • Attach tiedowns to secure entire load according to the general cargo securement requirements in Section 2.

Note: Stacked loads of paper rolls with eyes vertical are prohibited

Requirements for eyes crosswise (Section 3.4.9.2)

  • Prevent each roll from rolling or shifting forward and rearward by:
    • Contact with the vehicle structure.
    • Contact with other cargo.
    • Chocks, wedges, blocking or bracing of adequate size.
    • Tiedowns.
  • Use side-to-side or front-to-back tiedowns to prevent side-to-side movement.

Note: Chocks, wedges, and blocking must be held in place by some additional means to friction so they may not become unfastened or loose while the vehicle is in transit.

Picture of truck with paper rolls on the back
 

Updated: Wednesday, March 26, 2014