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Types of Operating Authority

The type(s) of Operating Authority requested will impact the type and level of insurance that is required by FMCSA. Therefore, carefully select only the type(s) of Operating Authority relevant to the business and read the instructions before filing. FMCSA does not refund application fees. Descriptions of the different types of interstate Operating Authority for which carriers would file the OP-1 form are as follows:

Motor Carrier of Property (except Household Goods) OP-1 Instructions
An authorized for-hire Motor Carrier that transports regulated commodities (except household goods) for the general public in exchange for payment that is based on published tariff rates or negotiated contracts. Motor Carriers of Property (except Household Goods) must file proof of both public liability (bodily injury and property damage — BI & PD) and cargo insurance with FMCSA in order to obtain interstate Operating Authority. Motor Carriers of Property (except Household Goods) must file proof of public liability (BI & PD) insurance with FMCSA in order to obtain interstate Operating Authority. Cargo insurance is not required.
 
Motor Carrier of Household Goods (Moving Companies) OP-1 Instructions
An authorized for-hire Motor Carrier that transports only household goods for the general public in exchange for payment that is based on published tariff rates or negotiated contracts. Household goods are personal items that will be used in a home. They include items shipped from a factory or store, if purchased with the intent to use in a home, and transported at the request of the householder who pays for the transportation charges. Motor Carriers of Household Goods must file proof of both public liability (BI & PD) and cargo insurance with FMCSA in order to obtain interstate Operating Authority.
 
Broker of Property (except Household Goods) OP-1 Instructions
An individual, partnership, or corporation that receives payment for arranging the transportation of property (excluding household goods) belonging to others by using an authorized Motor Carrier. A Broker does not assume responsibility for the property and nevertakes possession of it.
 
Broker of Household Goods OP-1 Instructions
An individual, partnership, or corporation that receives payment for arranging the transportation of household goods belonging to others by using an authorized Motor Carrier. A Broker does not assume responsibility for the household goods and never takes possession of the goods. Household goods are personal items and property that will be used in a home.  An individual, partnership or corporation requires registration as a household goods broker if the motor carrier providing transportation will also provide some or all of the following additional services, binding and nonbinding estimates, inventorying, protective packing and unpacking of individual items at personal residences and loading and unloading at personal residences.
 
United States-based Enterprise Carrier of International Cargo (except Household Goods)  OP-1 Instructions
A company that transports international cargo (excluding household goods) and is headquartered in the United States, but is owned or controlled (greater than 55%) by a Mexican citizen or resident alien. International cargo must originate in or be destined for a foreign country. Enterprise Carriers are not classified as either common or contract Motor Carriers.
 
United States-based Enterprise Carrier of International Household Goods  OP-1 Instructions
A company that transports international household goods and is headquartered in the United States, but is owned or controlled (greater than 55%) by a Mexican citizen or resident alien. Household goods are personal items that will be used in a home. They include items shipped from a factory or store, if purchased with the intent to use in a home, and transported at the request of the householder who pays for the transportation charges. International household goods must originate in or be destined for a home in a foreign country.
Enterprise Carriers are not classified as either common or contract Motor Carriers.
 
Applicants for authority to operate as motor carriers of household goods or freight forwarders of household goods also must offer arbitration as a means of settling loss and damage disputes on collect-on-delivery shipments. (See 49 U.S.C. 14708.)
 

Other Authorities

Updated: Tuesday, June 17, 2014