Analysis Division, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts 2010: Final Version
This chapter contains information on drivers of large trucks in fatal,
injury, and property damage only crashes and on people killed or injured
in large truck crashes. Some statistics are also listed for passenger vehicle
drivers in order to make comparisons. It is important to note that the
number of large truck drivers in crashes is not exactly equal to the number
of large trucks in crashes, because no driver information is provided for
some crashes. Below is a summary of some of the information in this section:
Of the 3,446 drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes, 133 (4
percent) were 25 years of age or younger, and 144 (4 percent) were 66 years
of age or older. In comparison, 5 (2 percent) of the 242 drivers of buses
in fatal crashes were 25 years of age or younger, and 28 (12 percent) were
66 years of age or older.
About 3 percent of all the drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes
were female, as compared with 39 percent of all drivers of buses involved
in fatal crashes.
Of the 3,446 drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes, 359 (10
percent) were not wearing a safety belt at the time of the crash; of those,
24 percent were completely or partially ejected from the vehicle.
One or more driver-related factors were recorded for 63 percent of the
drivers of large trucks involved in single-vehicle fatal crashes and for
27 percent of the drivers of large trucks involved in multiple-vehicle
fatal crashes. In comparison, at least one driver-related factor was recorded
for 80 percent of the drivers of passenger vehicles (cars, vans, pickup
trucks, and sport utility vehicles) involved in single-vehicle crashes
and 53 percent of the passenger vehicle drivers in multiple-vehicle crashes.
Speeding was the most often coded driver-related factor for both vehicle
types; distraction/inattention was the second most common for large truck
drivers, and impairment (fatigue, alcohol, drugs, illness) was the second
most common for passenger vehicle drivers.